2.A.26 The Branched Chain Amino Acid:Cation Symporter (LIVCS) Family

Characterized members of this family transport all three of the branched chain aliphatic amino acids (leucine (L), isoleucine (I) and valine (V)). They are found in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and function by a Na+ or H+ symport mechanism. They possess about 440 amino acyl residues and display 12 putative transmembrane helical spanners.

The generalized transport reaction is:

[L, I or V] (out) + [Na+ or H+] (out)  [L, I or V] (in) + [Na+ or H+] (in)



This family belongs to the APC Superfamily.

 

References:

Braun, P.R., H. Al-Younes, J. Gussmann, J. Klein, E. Schneider, and T.F. Meyer. (2008). Competitive inhibition of amino acid uptake suppresses chlamydial growth: involvement of the chlamydial amino acid transporter BrnQ. J. Bacteriol. 190: 1822-1830.

Guardiola, J., M. De Felice, T. Klopotowski, and M. Iaccarino. (1974). Mutations affecting the different transport systems for isoleucine, leucine, and valine in Escherichia coli K-12. J. Bacteriol. 117: 393-405.

Reizer, J., A. Reizer and M.H. Saier, Jr. (1994). A functional superfamily of sodium/solute symporters. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1197: 133-166.

Stucky, K., A. Hagting, J.R. Klein, H. Matern, B. Henrich, W.N. Konings and R. Plapp (1995). Cloning and characterization of brnQ, a gene encoding a low-affinity, branched-chain amino acid carrier in Lactobacillus delbruckii subsp. lactis DSM7290. Mol. Gen. Genet. 249: 682-690.

Tauch, A., T. Hermann, A. Burkovski, R. Krämer, A. Pühler and J. Kalinowski (1998). Isoleucine uptake in Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 is directed by the brnQ gene product. Arch. Microbiol. 169: 303-312.

Trip, H., N.L. Mulder, and J.S. Lolkema. (2013). Cloning, expression, and functional characterization of secondary amino acid transporters of Lactococcus lactis. J. Bacteriol. 195: 340-350.

Examples:

TC#NameOrganismal TypeExample
2.A.26.1.1Branched chain amino acid: Na+ symporter Gram-negative bacteria BraB of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
 
2.A.26.1.10

Branched chain amino acid transporter 2 of 439 aas and 12 TMSs, BrnQ (Guardiola et al. 1974).

BrnQ of E. coli

 
2.A.26.1.2Ile/Val:H+ symporter Gram-negative bacteria BraZ of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
 
2.A.26.1.3Branched chain amino acid:H+ symporter Gram-positive bacteria BrnQ of Lactobacillus delbrueckii
 
2.A.26.1.4

The branched chain amino acid transporter BrnQ (transports Leu, Ile, Val, Phe, and Met) (Braun et al., 2008).

Bacteria

BrnQ of Chlamydia trachomatis (O84558)

 
2.A.26.1.5

LIVCS family member of 429 aas and 12 TMSs.

Firmicutes

LIV transporter of Blautia hydrogenotrophica

 
2.A.26.1.6

Uncharacterized protein of 430 aas and 12 TMSs.

Proteobacteria

UP of Arcobacter butzleri

 
2.A.26.1.7

LIV transporter of 411 aas and 12 TMSs

Tenericutes

LIV transporter of Mycoplasma sp.

 
2.A.26.1.8

LIV transporter of 445 aas and 12 TMSs.

Proteobacteria

lIV transporter of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans

 
2.A.26.1.9

Branched chain amino acid (Leucine, Isoleucine, Valine) transporter of 456 aas and 12 TMSs, BrnQ (Trip et al. 2013).

Firmicutes

BrnQ of Lactococcus lactis