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3.A.20.1.1
The peroxisomal importing translocon with receptors: Pex5p and Pex7p; and receptor facilitator: Pex4p. Peroxisomal biogenesis factor PEX26 is a membrane anchor for the multi-subunit PEX1-PEX6 protein complex that controls ubiquitination and dislocation of PEX5 cargo receptors for peroxisomal matrix protein import. PEX26 associates with the peroxisomal translocation pore via PEX14 (Guder et al. 2018). Luminal peroxisomal proteins are imported from the cytosol by mobile receptors, which then recycle back to the cytosol by a poorly understood process (Feng et al. 2022). Recycling requires receptor modification by a membrane-embedded ubiquitin ligase complex comprising three RING finger domain-containing proteins (Pex2, Pex10 and Pex12). Feng et al. 2022 reported a cryo-EM structure of the ligase complex, which together with biochemical and in vivo experiments reveals its function as a retrotranslocation channel for peroxisomal import receptors. Each subunit of the complex contributes five transmembrane segments that co-assemble into an open channel. The three ring finger domains form a cytosolic tower, with ring finger 2 (RF2) positioned above the channel pore. The N terminus of a recycling receptor is inserted from the peroxisomal lumen into the pore and monoubiquitylated by RF2 to enable extraction into the cytosol. If recycling is compromised, receptors are polyubiquitylated by the concerted action of RF10 and RF12 and degraded. This polyubiquitylation pathway also maintains the homeostasis of other peroxisomal import factors. Thus, a crucial step during peroxisomal protein import is clarified, and it explains why mutations in the ligase complex cause human disease (Feng et al. 2022).

Accession Number:P62837
Protein Name:Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 D2
Length:147
Molecular Weight:16735.00
Species:Homo sapiens (Human) [9606]
Substrate protein polypeptide chain

Cross database links:

Structure:
1UR6   1W4U   2CLW   2ESK   2ESO   2ESP   2ESQ   3A33   3JVZ   3JW0   [...more]

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Predict TMSs (Predict number of transmembrane segments)
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FASTA formatted sequence
1:	MALKRIHKEL NDLARDPPAQ CSAGPVGDDM FHWQATIMGP NDSPYQGGVF FLTIHFPTDY 
61:	PFKPPKVAFT TRIYHPNINS NGSICLDILR SQWSPALTIS KVLLSICSLL CDPNPDDPLV 
121:	PEIARIYKTD REKYNRIARE WTQKYAM